Pilates is a system of exercises that focuses on posture, core strengthening, stretching, breathing and body mechanics. Pilates exercises were created by Joseph Pilates after WWI and has been integrated into rehabilitation since the 1920s. The therapist can integrate mat Pilates exercises into the physical therapy, but if the patient has any Pilates equipment at home, such as a Reformer or Trapeze table, the therapist can also train the patient on their apparatus at home.
Manual therapy is a physical therapy term describing hands-on treatment by a therapist and can include passive range of motion (stretching), joint mobilization and myofascial release. After surgery, passive stretching is one of the most important treatments to help a patient regain ROM.